Call#: Van Pelt Library F2230.1.R3 R47 1988
While this is the example of only one tribe’s values, other tribes regard them as antiquated, indicating these values apply broadly to Amazon tribes. Thus one could use the Waura people as a way to understand the mindset of the tribesmen in Fitzcarraldo. When one looks at the attitudes of the tribe, they conflict in almost every way possible with those of Klaus Kinski and to a lesser degree Herzog. Thus, while watching the film, one can regard the tribesmen slightly differently when interacting with Kinski on screen. They would view him as a lesser human and would be very disturbed by any sort of explosive actions on his part. While most of Kinski’s wildest outbursts took place off screen, the apprehension of the natives in approaching him sometimes can be better understood in the context of what took place right before the action on screen begins. It may be little wonder why the natives offered to kill Kinski as a kind gesture to Herzog by the end of the shoot.
With the dollar falling and the economy in Brazil booming, Brazilian immigrants in the United States are returning home by the thousands. Dan Grech reports.
Up to 10,000 Brazilian immigrants in Boston -- many of them here illegally -- are expected to follow Benicio home this year. Brazilian strongholds in New Jersey and South Florida are seeing a similar exodus.
Many immigrants say they are leaving because they feel lonely and afraid as local sentiment has turned against illegal immigrants and, for the first time in decades, these Brazilians have a viable alternative back home: a robust economy with plenty of jobs.
Brazil Claims First With Carbon Auction
By MICHAEL ASTOR Associated Press Writer
© 2007 The Associated Press
RIO DE JANEIRO, Brazil — Brazil's largest city sold millions of dollars worth of carbon credits at an auction Wednesday in a deal that experts said paves the way for developing countries to make money fighting global warming.
Brazil's Mercantile and Futures Exchange called Sao Paulo's sale of $18.5 million in carbon credits to Dutch-Belgian Fortis Bank the first such sale to be held on a regulated stock market and a significant step toward institutionalizing the carbon market.
Under the Kyoto Treaty on greenhouse gases blamed for global warming, companies that generate large amounts of polluting carbon dioxide and methane can buy offsetting credits from projects that remove contaminants.
Until Wednesday's auction on the Brazil stock exchange, companies such as Fortis mostly purchased credits from individual sellers. Experts said the sale could be a major step toward creating a clearer system that could make buying and selling easier.
By Erico Guizzo
São Paulo operates the world's most complex bus system
It's a warm Tuesday night in São Paulo, and as on most nights during rush hour here, a swarm of cars clogs every centimeter of Rebouças Avenue, slowing traffic to a crawl. But inside bus 7598, Carlos Soares holds on firmly to keep his balance as the jolting vehicle whizzes past the congestion. The bus he's on is one of thousands in this city that run in special lanes that cars are forbidden to use. Convoying one after the other, the buses form a kind of virtual train on tires.
"Look at their faces," says Soares, a 20-year-old video producer, pointing at the drivers stuck nearby. "They're mad because the buses took one of their lanes. But for us on the bus-we love it."
With 26 391 buses, 1908 lines, 34 transfer stations, and 146.5 kilometers of dedicated busways, São Paulo operates what is currently the world’s most complex bus system. Extending from bustling downtown avenues to narrow neighborhood streets, this sprawling network of lines is the basis of public transportation here. One in every five paulistanos—as residents of São Paulo are called—hops on a bus every day to go to work, school, or other destinations. Daily bus ridership in the metropolitan area is some 10.5 million passengers. With such people-moving capacity, the entire population of Belgium could ride on São Paulo’s buses over the course of a single day.
In the 1960s, Curitiba, Brazil, took a radical approach to solving the problems most cities face: pollution, traffic, unchecked growth, and social and economic inequities. FRONTLINE/World Fellow Tim Gnatek traveled to Curitiba to discover whether this experiment in urban design has kept pace with the city's tenfold population boom.
After giving this overview, which shows how often the United States has tried to influence the IPR regimes of the four BRIC countries, the article delves into a section entitled, “Coercion as an Ineffective Strategy in Promoting Intellectual Property Protection in the BRIC Countries.” This section is long and detailed with many examples of statistics showing how the United States has not achieved its goals through means of coercion. The article explicitly gives statistics for each country. The culmination of this large number of statistics is to show that not only does coercion not necessarily work, it can often be detrimental to the original goal. Examples of poor results are given for China and India.
The final section of this article argues that unilateral initiatives are an understudied method of strengthening IPR regimes in the BRIC countries. Unilateral initiatives are defined as “a voluntary conciliatory action presented by one party to the benefit of the other.” Examples of unilateral initiatives that have been successful are then given.
This article is plainly written with an obvious objective: to endorse unilateral initiatives as opposed to coercion as a way of reforming IPR in the BRIC countries. This method of change is supportive of a gradual change in the IPR regime in China as it does not expect immediate results and therefore, presents an effective means of carrying through with the project's thesis, which is always an important consideration when proposing an argument.