As new digital technologies proliferate, tension between consumers and corporations has increased due to the new challenges confronting entertainment industries. Historically, the anime industry has leveraged the activities of fans through strategic ignorance in order to grow the foreign market in the United States. I am interested particularly in exploring how these fan communities functioned as proselytization commons to develop this market -- that is, how their illegal activities actually created growth and benefits for the industry. These fan activities, however, have also created pressures and potential harms for the industry by demanding a departure from a traditional physical-media business model. Furthermore, since anime fandom is an especially participatory community, rights-holders will increasingly be faced by more unauthorized reproductions of their works and expectations from fans of the ability to engage with this content. I have chosen my sources in order to reflect the multi-faceted perspectives currently competing in the debate over how to balance the interests of creators and fans. In my paper I will examine anime fandom and its relationship with the anime industry as a paradigmatic case of a "hybrid economy," where balance is achieved through cooperation between both groups in order to maximize the benefits of fan engagement while minimizing the harms.