Rabaté, Jean-Michel. " Loving Freud Madly: Surrealism between Hysterical and Paranoid Modernism." Journal of Modern Literature 25.3-4 (2002):58-74.
Rabaté examines the role of surrealism in the spread of Freudian ideas. The author approaches this topic by first looking at the historical context from which the discourse emerged. While other surrealists and Freudians had become friends and collaborators, Freud and Breton had a long history of animosity between them. Unable to become friendly because of constant bickering over who deserved credit for various ideas in art and psychology, the surrealist and Freudian fields were forced to keep their distance. Breton and his followers eventually embraced the idea of hysteria and exalted the idea of guided paranoia. However, in the wake of issues within the surrealist camp as well as the events occurring in society, the majority of surrealists eventually embraced the idea of “paranoid modernism.” Rabaté concludes the article by arguing the by embracing the idea of modernism, the surrealists, who had at one time been the enemies of Freud, were able to both take on and in turn take over many of Freud’s ideas.
The idea that the surrealist dream sequence created by Dali, which is shown in Spellbound, could be understood perfectly well by the application of Freudian principles would have been completely absurd to both Freudians and surrealists. But interestingly enough, and perhaps because of the commercial takeover of the intellectual ideas of Freud and Surrealism, the surrealist sequence appears to make complete sense to the Freudians analyzing John Ballantine within the context of the film. By creating this peaceful co-existence of ideas within the film, Spellbound itself becomes a vehicle for the dissemination not only of independent surrealist and Freudian principles, but for the idea that both ideologies are able to co-exist and ultimately act as one ideology.
tagged freud modernism surrealism by merhaupt ...on 10-APR-08