Berstein, Matthew. "Perfecting the New Gangster: Writing "Bonnie and Clyde"." Film Quarterly 53(2000): 16-31
Mathew Bernstein’s article in a 2000 publication of Film Quarterly entitled The New Gangster revolves around the writing and meaning of Bonnie and Clyde. The article covers the famed screenwriters, Robert Benton and David Newman and their obsession with French New Wave cinema and how it influenced the writers’ treatment and final draft of Bonnie and Clyde.
The article cites the two Esquire writers essay, The New Sentimentality, as their inspiration and foundation for their Bonnie and Clyde project. Bonnie and Clyde represented everything their essay stood for, “Bonnie and Clyde is about style and people who have style. It is about people whose style set them apart from their time and place so that they seemed odd and aberrant to the general run of society” (19).
The article then covers the gradual progression of the script from being a purely New Wave, irregular narrative, to a more classical, Hollywood narrative and back again. Oddly enough Bernstein claims that Francois Truffaut, while he was involved with the project, did more to Americanize the script than anything else. It was Arthur Penn that finally realized the film’s potential to break down barriers between American films and European art cinema.
The most interesting part of the progression of the film’s script comes from the racy sexuality that was originally part of the film. The first treatment of the script contained an active and well functioning sex life for the two protagonists, which of course was later switched to Clyde’s asexuality. The original script even contained strong hints of a threesome between Bonnie, Clyde and their partner C.W. Moss. However W.D. Jones, the actor originally cast for the role of Moss, was an entirely different actor, “he was an air-head, blond stud” (20). The final script shows a scene where Bonnie shrugs when Clyde turns her down, clearly sexually frustrated, but, “by contrast, in the first script draft, Bonnie casually walks to the door of the room and yells for Jones to come in to help them get going, as if she was calling him in for dinner” (21).
The clear toning down of the sexuality in Bonnie and Clyde can be seen as a compromise to allow the excessive violence to exist untouched. The many re-workings of the script saw a dramatic change from Benton and Newman’s original vision, but Penn and Beatty were able find the happy medium between overly New Wave and overly Hollywood.
Call#: Van Pelt Library PN1998.3.W45 A5 2002
This is a great source that gives the reader the opportunity to see Welles, as himself, talking objectively about the projects in his life that immediately follow the completion of Citizen Kane, including his return to England, a few of his subsequent projects in cinema, and his return to the theatre. This article is particularly interesting because, in contrast to other sources explored in this project, it captures Welles in a period when he is coming down from the rush of his early career. Here, Welles was just finishing a film version of Shakespeare’s Othello after his financial backers abandoned him and he decided to pour much of his own money into the project to ensure its completion. As a result, Welles expresses a great deal of frustration with the film industry and, somewhat sarcastically questions whether the effort required to make a film is actually worth it to express one’s vision.
Also, this interview gives some insight into the mind of Welles that is quite surprising considering his great success with Citizen Kane. Such surprising insight includes Welles’ comment that “I definitely prefer to act on the stage than before the camera… Even so, I prefer acting to directing, and I prefer writing to anything.” This seems somewhat counterintuitive considering the role Welles played as the director and lead actor in Citizen Kane and the fact that, by many accounts, he played a lesser role in the actual writing of the screenplay. Welles takes this point further by explaining that he thinks that critics in general pay too much attention to the visual elements of a film and do not consider heavily the story, which is also surprising considering the acclaim Kane received for its visual perfection.
This document has six sections:
1. General Advice for Better Academic Writing
2. Specific Advice for Writing Papers that Analyze and Critique Urban Theory/Planning Theory Writings
3. Proper Citations (and do I cite wikipedia?)
4. The Problem of Plagiarism
5. Taking an "Incomplete" Grade for a Course
6. Master's Theses/Professional Projects
Call#: GA108.7 .C53 1992
tagged bibliographical bibliography books cartography citations database ethics geographic grammar guides information library management organization papers plagiarism references research scholarly software spatial statistics tools writing by nmperez ...on 27-OCT-06
7 essays by the author of LoTR
The best-known is "On Fairy-Stories," a discussions of the requirements of believable fantasy. It is not about those "Flower fairies and fluttering sprites...that [Tolkien] so disliked as a child." "A Secret Vice" has implications about programming and programmers.
The title essay ("The Monsters and the Critics") sheds light on the unsatisfactory Star Wars prequels.